Down syndrome etymology

English word Down syndrome comes from Latin -alis, Latin mentem, English able, and later Latin mentalis (Mental.)

Detailed word origin of Down syndrome

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
-alis Latin (lat) Used to form adjectives of relationship from nouns or numerals.
mentem Latin (lat)
able English (eng) (legal) Legally qualified or competent. [First attested in the early 18th century.]. (nautical) Capable of performing all the requisite duties; as an able seaman. [First attested in the late 18th century.]. (obsolete) Rich; well-to-do. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the late 19th century.]. (obsolete, dialectal) Having the physical strength; robust; healthy. [First attested from [...]
disability English (eng) (uncountable, informal) Regular payments received by a disabled person, usually from the state. A mental condition causing a difficulty with an intellectual task.. State of being disabled; deprivation or want of ability; absence of competent physical, intellectual, or moral power, means, fitness, and the like.. Want of legal qualification to do a thing; legal incapacity or incompetency.
mentalis Latin (lat) Mental.
mental English (eng) (anatomy) Of or relating to the chin or median part of the lower jaw, genial.. (biology) Of or relating to the chin-like or lip-like structure. (zoology) A plate or scale covering the mentum or chin of a fish or reptile. (colloquial, UK, comparable) Enjoyable or fun, especially in a frenetic way.. (colloquial, comparable) Insane, mad, crazy.. Of or relating to the mind or an intellectual process.
Down syndrome English (eng) (neurology, chiefly, US) A medical condition caused by a chromosomal excess, whereby the patients bear a certain resemblance to the Mongoloid race, such as a small head and tilted eyelids, and typically have a delay in cognitive ability and physical growth. [from 1961.].

Words with the same origin as Down syndrome

Descendants of -alis
actor animal card central channel corner criminal funeral general hospital hotel legal master mental murderer natural personal real really royal social states total trial usual
Descendants of able
EPROM ability arguably certifiably conceivably disablism drapetomania expendably fashionably inhibitably laughably raliabill ratably reliably remarkably reprovably respectably restorably specifiably unquestionably unreasonably