broken etymology

English word broken comes from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreg-, Proto-Indo-European *bʰre-, Proto-Indo-European *bʰruHg-, and later Proto-Germanic *brūkaną (To make use of, employ, use, consume.)

Detailed word origin of broken

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
*bʰreg- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro) to break
*bʰre- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro) to burn, heat
*bʰruHg- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro) to use, enjoy, to make use of, to have enjoyment of
*brūkaną Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) To make use of, employ, use, consume.
*brukōną Proto-Germanic (gem-pro)
brūcan Old English (ca. 450-1100) (ang)
*brukanaz Proto-Germanic (gem-pro)
brocen Old English (ca. 450-1100) (ang) Broken.
broken Middle English (1100-1500) (enm)
broken English (eng) (colloquial, US, of a, situation) Not having gone in the way intended; saddening.. (meteorology, of the sky) Five-eighths to seven-eighths obscured by clouds; incompletely covered by clouds.. (of a, bone or body part) Fractured; having the bone in pieces.. (of a, line) Dashed, made up of short lines with small gaps between each one and the next.. (of a, person) Completely defeated and [...]

Words with the same origin as broken

Descendants of *bʰreg-
breach break breakdown breaker breaks breakthrough breakup broke brook creek daybreak fracture fragile fragment frail fret heartbreak heartbroken outbreak refrain
Descendants of *bʰruHg-
fruit fruitcake grapefruit