etymologeek.com dictionary
English word by comes from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewgʰ-, Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi (On, at, near.), Proto-Indo-European *sweyg-, Proto-Indo-European *ḱera-, Proto-Germanic *hrōzaz (Active, stirring, moving.), Proto-Indo-European *pōw-, Proto-Indo-European *h₂ntbʰi, Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti (Before. In front. Near. Opposite.), Proto-Indo-European *h₂n̥t-bʰi, Proto-Indo-European *bʰūgʰ-, Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyǝ, Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyǝ-, Proto-Germanic *haitaną ((passive) to be called. To address, to call. To name.), Proto-Indo-European *weǵ-, Proto-Indo-European *glēb-, Proto-Indo-European *bʰōw-, Proto-Germanic *būą (Building, dwelling.).

By etymology history

By detailed word origin explanation

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
*bʰewgʰ- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*h₁epi Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro) On, at, near.
*sweyg- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*ḱera- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*hrōzaz Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) Active, stirring, moving.
*pōw- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*h₂ntbʰi Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*h₂énti Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro) Before. In front. Near. Opposite.
*h₂n̥t-bʰi Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*bʰūgʰ- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*bʰeyǝ Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*bʰeyǝ- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*haitaną Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) (passive) to be called. To address, to call. To name.
*weǵ- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*glēb- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*bʰōw- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*būą Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) Building, dwelling.
*h₁pi Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*beuganą Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) To bend, bow.
*būwiz Proto-Germanic (gem-pro)
Old English (ca. 450-1100) (ang)
býr Old Norse (non)
*baugaz Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) A bend; bow. A ring; bracelet. A wreath; crown. Collar. Something bent (round); circle.
*h₂m̥bʰi Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro) Around, on either side of, about. Facing, against. In exchange for.
bēag Old English (ca. 450-1100) (ang)
*bi Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) (with accusative or dative) by, at. (with accusative or dative) near, around.
bi Old English (ca. 450-1100) (ang) Beside. By, near, around, to, in, at, about, with.
*klupjaną Proto-Germanic (gem-pro)
Old English (ca. 450-1100) (ang)
bi Middle English (1100-1500) (enm) By.
by English (eng) Out of the way, subsidiary. (card games) A pass Indicates an authority, rule, or permission followed.. At some time before (the given time), or before the end of a given time interval.. In the formulae X by X and by Xs, indicates a steady progression, one X after another.. Indicates a means: Involving/using the means of.. Indicates a referenced source: According to.. Indicates a source of [...]

Words with the same origin as by

Descendants of *bʰewgʰ-
badge badger bag bagel baggage bee big bow bowman buy buying bypass davenport elbow fugitive function functional handbag malfunction nearby rainbow refuge refugee standby
Descendants of *h₁epi
about above and because become before begin beginning believe belong below between beyond bless bob but butt bye even evening for nor obvious offer
Descendants of *sweyg-
behold beware bizarre bout whereabouts
Descendants of *ḱera-
rare rear
Descendants of *h₂ntbʰi
ambassador behalf beneath um
Descendants of *h₂énti
abe afar ahold amelia an ancestor ante anticipation antique ashore aside asleep engage hereby on one thereby unlike
Descendants of *bʰūgʰ-
bay bought
Descendants of *weǵ-
awake gentlemen second wait wake watch
Descendants of *bʰōw-
bill boil boiled boiling bold bolt bond bottle bound bucket build bull bullshit bunny butch butcher google hubby husband neighbour neighbourhood rebuild