civil etymology

English word civil comes from Proto-Indo-European *ḱe-, Old Latin ceivis, Latin canon, and later Proto-Italic *keiwis ((possibly) citizen. Society.)

Detailed word origin of civil

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
*ḱe- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
ceivis Old Latin (itc-ola)
canon Latin (lat) (Ecclesiastical Latin) catalog of sacred writings. (Later Latin) a cannon (artillery). (figuratively) precept, rule, canon. A measuring line. A yearly tribute paid to the emperor.
*keiwis Proto-Italic (itc-pro) (possibly) citizen. Society.
canonista Malayalam (mal)
civis Latin (lat) Citizen.
civilis Latin (lat) (figuratively) Courteous, polite, civil, affable, urbane.. (substantive) courtesy, civility. Of or pertaining to citizens; civic, civil.. Of or pertaining to public or political life; public, political.
civil Old French (842-ca. 1400) (fro)
civil Middle English (1100-1500) (enm)
civil English (eng) (comparable) Behaving in a reasonable or polite manner.. (uncomparable) Having to do with people and government office as opposed to the military or religion.

Words with the same origin as civil

Descendants of *ḱe-
a ai haircut hairy he hello her here hereby him hire his hit hits ho hoo hyah id it oui she shoe who whoa whoever
Descendants of ceivis
citadel citizen citizenship city civic civilian civilisation civilization humility
Descendants of canon
cannon