criminal etymology

English word criminal comes from Proto-Indo-European *-men-, Proto-Indo-European *krey-, Latin cerno

Detailed word origin of criminal

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
*-men- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*krey- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
cerno Latin (lat) I decide. I distinguish, discern, see. I perceive. I separate, sift.
*kreimen Proto-Italic (itc-pro)
crimen Latin (lat) (in respect to the accused) The fault one is accused of; crime, misdeed, offence, fault.. (in respect to the accuser) A charge, accusation, reproach; calumny, slander.. A cause of a crime; criminal.. A judicial decision, verdict, or judgment.. An object of reproach, invective.. An object representing a crime.. The crime of lewdness; adultery.
criminalis Late Latin (LL)
criminal Anglo-Norman (xno)
criminal English (eng) (figuratively) Abhorrent or very undesirable, even if allowed by law.. Being against the law; forbidden by law.. Guilty of breaking the law.. Of or relating to crime or penal law. A person who is guilty of a crime, notably breaking the law.

Words with the same origin as criminal

Descendants of *-men-
announcement basement commitment compliment development doc document equipment excitement experiment government instrument instrumental investment judgment management mo moment movement punishment retirement settlement statement tournament treatment
Descendants of *krey-
certain certainty concern concrete crime crisis critic critical decree discreet discretion easy espresso express expression hypocrisy hypocrite reindeer riddle rim rinse secret secretary secretive
Descendants of cerno
discrimination incriminating