retain etymology

English word retain comes from Latin teneo, Latin re-, and later Old French (842-ca. 1400) retenir (To keep; to retain.)

Detailed word origin of retain

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
teneo Latin (lat) (of laws) I am binding on; bind, hold, obligate. (reflexive) I keep back, remain, stay, hold position. I comprise, contain, include, hold. I hold fast, restrain, detain, check, control; bind, fetter. I hold, have; grasp. I insist, uphold. I know, grasp, understand, conceive. I possess, occupy, control. I reach, attain; gain, acquire, obtain. I recollect, retain knowledge of, remember, bear [...]
re- Latin (lat) Again; prefix added to various words to indicate an action being done again, or like the other usages indicated above under English.. Back, backwards.
retineo Latin (lat) I hold fast, maintain, preserve, protect, guard, retain.. I hold in check, repress, check, stop, stay.. I keep or hold back, detain, restrain, retain, confine, contain; delay.
*retino Vulgar Latin (la-vul)
*retenīre Vulgar Latin (la-vul)
retenir Old French (842-ca. 1400) (fro) To keep; to retain.
retain English (eng) (obsolete) To belong; to pertain.. (obsolete) To restrain; to prevent.. (transitive) To employ by paying a retainer.. (transitive) To hold secure.. (transitive) To keep in one's pay or service.. (transitive) To keep in possession or use.

Words with the same origin as retain

Descendants of teneo
contain containment content continent continental continue continuum detain detention entertain entertaining entertainment maintain obtain rain rainbow raincoat rainforest rainy sustain tenant tennis tent tenure
Descendants of re-
arrest reaction receive recognize record regret relationship relax remain remember remove repeat reputation request rescue research respect responsibility responsible rest return revolution reward ship