role etymology

English word role comes from Proto-Indo-European *rot-, Proto-Indo-European *Hret-, Latin -olus, and later Middle French (ca. 1400-1600) rolle (Role (function or position of something).)

Detailed word origin of role

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
*rot- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro) wheel
*Hret- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
-olus Latin (lat)
rota Latin (lat) (figuratively) the disc of the sun. (pars pro toto) a car, a chariot. Wheel.
role Old French (842-ca. 1400) (fro) Roll; scroll (rolled up document).
rotulus Late Latin (LL)
rollus Malayalam (mal)
rolle Middle French (ca. 1400-1600) (frm) Role (function or position of something).
rôle French (fra) Character. Role.
role English (eng) (grammar) : The function of a word in a phrase.. A character or part played by a performer or actor.. Designation that denotes an associated set of responsibilities, knowledge, skills, and attitudes. The expected behaviour of an individual in a society.. The function or position of something.

Words with the same origin as role

Descendants of *Hret-
control controller controlling payroll prune rock roll rook rotate rotation roulette round