tension etymology

English word tension comes from Proto-Indo-European *tengʰ-, and later Proto-Italic *tendō (To stretch.)

Detailed word origin of tension

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
*tengʰ- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*tendō Proto-Italic (itc-pro) To stretch.
tendere Latin (lat)
tensus Latin (lat)
tensio Latin (lat) Stretching, stretching out, extension. Tension.
tension Middle French (frm)
tension English (eng) (physics, engineering) Force transmitted through a rope, string, cable, or similar object (used with prepositions on, in, or of, e.g., "The tension in the cable is 1000 N", to convey that the same magnitude of force applies to objects attached to both ends).. (physics, engineering) State of an elastic object which is stretched in a way which increases its length.. (physics, engineering) [...]