what etymology

English word what comes from Proto-Indo-European *kʷ-, Proto-Indo-European *kʷe-, Proto-Indo-European *kʷo-, Proto-Indo-European *kʷeh₁d-, and later Proto-Germanic *hwataz (Quick, sharp, brave.)

Detailed word origin of what

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
*kʷ- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*kʷe- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*kʷo- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*kʷeh₁d- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*kʷey Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*kʷh₁do- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*kʷís Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro) Who, what (interrogative). Who, which, that (relative) Which, what.
*hwataz Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) Quick, sharp, brave.
*hwat Proto-Germanic (gem-pro)
hwā Old English (ca. 450-1100) (ang)
hwæt Old English (ca. 450-1100) (ang) Anything. What Now, indeed What!, listen!, hark!, lo!.
what Middle English (1100-1500) (enm)
what English (eng) (British, colloquial, dated) ?. An expression of surprise or disbelief.. Response that enquires what the asker desires (usually said unhappily).. What did you say? I beg your pardon? (relative) Whatever. How much; how great (used in an exclamation).. Which; which kind of. (Singlish) Alternative form of wat (used to contradict an assumption). (now, rare) Used to introduce each of two [...]

Words with the same origin as what

Descendants of *kʷ-
anywhere either elsewhere everywhere how however neither nowhere quality sins somewhere weather when whenever where wherever whether which who whoa whoever whom whose why
Descendants of *kʷe-
college complete contact count country couple court cover right
Descendants of *kʷo-
qualify whereabouts whereas
Descendants of *kʷeh₁d-
anyhow hoo somewhat wat whatnot whatsoever