which etymology

English word which comes from Proto-Indo-European *kʷey, Proto-Indo-European *kʷís, Proto-Germanic - līkaz, Proto-Germanic *hwi-, and later Proto-Germanic *hwilīkaz (What kind of, what sort of.)

Detailed word origin of which

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
*kʷey Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
*kʷís Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro) Who, what (interrogative). Who, which, that (relative) Which, what.
- līkaz Proto-Germanic (gem-pro)
*hwi- Proto-Germanic (gem-pro)
*hwaz Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) (interrogative) who, what. (interrogative, in dative) whom. (interrogative, in genitive) whose. (interrogative, in instrumental) with whom, with what, how, in what way.
*hwilīkaz Proto-Germanic (gem-pro) What kind of, what sort of.
hwilc Old English (ang) Which.
wilche Middle English (enm)
which English (eng) (interrogative) What, of those mentioned or implied.. (relative) The one or ones mentioned.. (relative) The one or ones that. An occurrence of the word which. (interrogative) What one or ones (of those mentioned or implied).. (relative) Who; whom; what (of those mentioned or implied).. (relative, archaic) Used of people (now generally who, whom or that).

Words with the same origin as which

Descendants of *kʷey
wai why
Descendants of *kʷís
anywhere college complete contact count country couple court cover either everywhere how however neither right somewhere what when where whether who whom whose
Descendants of - līkaz
friendly homesick seasick sick sickness such whichever