surprise etymology

French word surprise comes from Proto-Indo-European *gʰed-, Old French pren-, Old French sur- (Over, on top of.), French prendre, Middle French surprins (Overcome (with emotion, pain, etc.). Surprised.)

Detailed word origin of surprise

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
*gʰed- Proto-Indo-European (ine-pro)
pren- Old French (fro)
sur- Old French (fro) Over, on top of.
prendre French (fra) (of fire) to break out. (reflexive) to get (something) caught (in), to jam. To eat; to drink. To get; to buy. To rob; to deprive. To take.
surprins Middle French (frm) Overcome (with emotion, pain, etc.). Surprised.
prehendo Latin (lat) (figuratively, rare, of the mind) I seize, apprehend, comprehend, grasp. (of trees) I take root. (poetic) I reach, arrive at, attain. (poetic) I take in, reach or embrace with the eye. I detain someone in order to speak with him, accost, lay or catch hold of. I lay hold of, seize, grasp, grab, snatch, take, catch. I take by surprise, catch in the act.
prinde Romanian (ron) (figuratively) to take in. To capture. To catch. To take hold of.
sorprendre Old French (fro) To overtake. To seize; to take control of. To surprise.
surprendre Middle French (frm) To surprise. To take (something) over; to seize.
surprendre French (fra) To catch out. To surprise.
surpris French (fra) Surprised.
surprise French (fra) Surprise (something unexpected).

Words with the same origin as surprise

Descendants of *gʰed-
appris appréhender appréhension compris compréhensible compréhensif compréhension gaz gazer gazeux gazomètre gazéifiable lierre prendre preneur pris prise prison prix proie prédateur préhensile repris répréhensible surpris
Descendants of prendre
entrepreneur entreprise prenable